Impact Publications : AirCargo -255
Page 12 • AirCArgo AsiA-PACifiC JUNE-JULY 2018 GUEST WRITER Email: AHudson@rigbycooke.com.au US air cargo measures impact Australia, with new progams added by ANDREW HUDSON rEADErs will be aware that as of July 2017, all Australian air cargo exports to the Unit- ed states have been required to undergo new piece level screening to accommodate the requirements of the Us TsA. A summary of the US require- ments was set out in my June 21 web article in this publication titled ‘Piece-level screening for Australian exports to the USA is around the corner – I’m glad we’re ready’, with more details to be found at the Department of Home Affairs web site (https:// www.homeaffairs.gov.au/about/ transport-security/air-cargo-secu- rity/changes-us -bound-air-cargo- screening-requirements). The revised Australian regime to meet US requirements also introduced concepts such as the Known Consignor (KC) program, which allowed certain exporters to securely screen their own cargo to go directly, without fur- ther examination, to a CTO at an airport, as well as the Enhanced Air Cargo Examination (EACE) program which applied to RACAs to examine and scan all other exporters cargo for the US before heading to the CTO. (A CTO can also be a RACA and examine air cargo it receives.) Although this new regime was initially introduced for exports to the US, there was always an expec- tation that a similar regime would subsequently be introduced for all other exports by air, whether the result of it being dictated by other countries or by extension by the Australian government. In this case, the latter has arisen with the Australian government re- cently announcing that all exports by air will need to be subject to piece-level screening by 1 March 2019. Based on recent commentary, it seems clear that the changes merely represent the expected extension of the US requirements to meet perceived changes in the general security environment that were always going to be imple- mented as opposed to a response to a particular threat or a per- ceived gap in the existing regime. Given the very-recent an- nouncement of the changes, guid- ance material for industry has yet to be finalised by Home Affairs. However, industry representatives were briefed on the outline of new regime at the recent meeting of the working group convened by Home Affairs which has taken the place of the earlier ‘cargo working group’ that oversaw the introduc- tion of the US requirements and the development and commence- ment of the KC program and the EACE program. It is expected that the new requirements will also be developed in close consultation with industry. While full details of the new requirements have yet to come to light in detail, a number of general observations can be made at this point • The intention is for the US air cargo requirements to be repli- cated for all air cargo exports by 1 March 2019. • This would require all air cargo for export to be subjected to ‘piece-level scanning’ before delivery to CTOs at the airport. For these purposes, scanning would require examination to be undertaken as x-ray examination, electronic magnetic detection, explosive trace detection or physical examination. The scan- ning would depend on the goods themselves. • What constitutes ‘piece-level’ will vary depending on the goods themselves. • The full suite of US-bound arrangements will be made avail- able for the new requirements, meaning that the KC and EACE programs will be extended to other exporters for other exports. Presumably those parties already in these programs in relation to the US requirements will have their membership extended to apply to the wider export require- ments, although there may well be additional requirements for a broader membership.